Posted on: 24 October 2016Share
While many eye issues can be fixed with glasses, contact lenses, or some type of eye medicine, some are going to need surgery in order to be completely taken care of. These surgeries are generally done in eye surgery centers where accredited optometrists are going to perform the different eye surgeries. This article will discuss 3 different eye surgeries that can be done at an eye surgery center.
Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis Laser Vision Correction
One of the most common types of eye surgery is laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) laser vision correction. Those who are good candidates for LASIK surgery are those who suffer from nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism. This procedure is performed by using a laser to cut a flap in your cornea and then remove it. This reshapes your cornea in such a way that light will hit your retina at the right angle, thus improving your vision. If you are nearsighted, the cornea will be flattened and if you are farsighted, the flap is going to be made into more of a cone. This procedure is a day surgery that is very quick and won't take long to recover from.
Photorefractive keratectomy or PRK surgery is very similar to LASIK surgery in the fact that both are completed using the same type of laser. However, their differences arise when it comes to the eye problems that the surgeries are used for, as well as the recovery period. PRK surgery is commonly performed on patients who suffer from nearsightedness, thinner corneas, hyperopia, and a thinner astigmatism. The recovery for a PRK is also generally more painful than with LASIK surgery. While you likely aren't going to feel any pain during the surgery, due to your eye being numbed, you will begin to experience the pain when the numbness wears off. A great way to combat this pain is to moisturize your eyes, rest your eyes, and also take the pain medication that was prescribed to you by your doctor.
Refractive Lens Exchange
One thing that you may not think about is the fact that our eyes age as we age. When your eye ages, it begins to lose some of its flexibility. This is called presbyopia and is what causes you to no longer be able to read things without the aid of reading glasses. Thankfully, there is a procedure that can fix this problem for you called refractive lens exchange. As the name of this surgery suggests, you are actually going to have your lens removed and replaced with a multifocal sense that will allow you to see much like you used to. This is done by making an incision in the cornea, removing the natural lens, and then replacing it with a new one.
For more information about these procedures, contact experts like Dixie Ophthalmic Specialists at Zion Eye Institute.